Publications

FR- Over the years, Sierra Club of Canada has posted many of its publications to the web in both html and pdf formats. If a publication isn't listed here, it may be available in a print version. Contact us at info@sierraclub.ca if you can't find what you're looking for.

2011-06-10   |   View this publication   |   Atlantic Chapter, Oceans, Protecting Biodiversity
    NL Natural Resources Minister Commits to Create Stand Alone-Regulator for Safety - But what About the Environment?"   Response to our March 28th Letter, which states Sierra Club Atlantic, Ecology Action Centre, and Save Our Seas and Shore Coaliton:   "do not recognize the authority of the Canada-Newfoundland and Labrador Offshore Petroleum Board (CNLOPB) to assess and approve oil and gas exploration and development in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.   The Gulf of St. Lawrence is too precious to be placed at risk by oil and gas development.  It is a unique, semi-enclosed ecosystem, home to thousands of species, including endangered fish, marine mammals, and migratory birds. Bounded by five provinces, the Gulf supports massive income from fishing and tourism industries.  Damage caused by a catastrophic spill in the region would impact all provinces around the Gulf. Cumulative impacts from habitat disruption, smaller spills, release of produced water, and drilling muds in addition to increased shipping traffic and potential pipelines will impact the entire region, not just NL waters. "
2011-06-09   |   View this publication   |   Ontario Chapter, Government
Analysis of IUGLS Revised Flow Data and Lake Michigan-Huron Water Level Restoration Effects (click here for report) Executive Summary This report was prepared for the Great Lakes Section of the Ontario Chapter of Sierra Club Canada by Bill Bialkowski, an engineer who specialized in process control, and who has developed many advanced computer modeling techniques over his long career. During the last 8 years, Bill has studied and modeled the hydrology of the St. Clair River and Upper Great Lakes, and has written a number of reports linking changes in the St. Clair River’s structure to the level of lakes Michigan/Huron. In July, 2009, the International Upper Great Lakes Study Board (IUGLSB) provided Bill with the data set that it had used to reach its preliminary conclusion that the conveyance of the St. Clair River had increased by 5.8% since 1962, thereby lowering Lake Michigan/Huron by 7 to 14 cm. Unfortunately, these included flow data up to 1986 only, because the Study Board were aware of an increase in St. Clair River conveyance and considered the data after 1986 to be unreliable, hence  needing further adjustment. Their conclusions on the St. Clair River conveyance were thus based on incomplete data. Bill took the data provided, ran them through his own models, and concluded that, since 1962, the conveyance capability of the St. Clair River had, in fact, increased by between 10% and 11.8%. In January 2011, the IUGLSB provided Bill with a fresh set of flow data including “revised” data for the St. Clair River for the period 1986 to 2008. Bill was also provided with a copy of a study report by Environment Canada (EC) on the post-1986 flow equations based on latest measurements, which were to form the basis for the post-1986 flow data revision process. He then set out to prepare three sets of analyses based on these new data: To review the new data set and understand the effects these data might have on the dynamics of the St. Clair, Detroit and Niagara Rivers; To recalculate the changes that have occurred in the conveyance of the St. Clair River from 1962 to the present and the effect that these changes have on the level of Lakes Michigan/Huron. To:  a) answer the question posed by the International Joint Commission (IJC) to the IUGLSB on the potential effect of raising lakes Michigan/Huron by 0, 10, 20, 40 and 50 cm, which the IUGLSB have yet to answer; and b) calculate the effect on conveyance and lake levels of the proposed introduction of power turbines generating 18 MW in the St. Clair River near Port Huron. The conclusions of these analyses are as follows: For question 1, it appears that the revised post-1986 flow data did not include the increases recommended by Environment Canada staff and collaborators for the St. Clair and Detroit River, leaving these flows short by about 200 cubic metres per second (about 4%). On Question 2, Bill’s models indicate that the conveyance of the St. Clair River has increased by about 9%, an increase that has lowered Lakes Michigan/Huron by about 19 cm.  On question 3a), the models indicate that, should flexible control measures such as inflatable weirs or power generating turbines be used to reduce the St. Clair River conveyance and raise the level of Michigan/Huron by 0, 10, 20, 40 and 50 cm., the effects could be entirely manageable and would not be unduly harmful to residents upstream or downstream. Should the IUGLSB recommend fixed structures such as concrete weirs, these measures would cause unacceptable consequences upstream under potential future high water periods. On question 3b), if the full proposed 18 MW of power generating turbine system currently undergoing an environmental assessment for U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) approval were deployed into the river over a reasonable period of time, they would raise Michigan/Huron by more than 30 cm and would have only a small and temporary effect on Lake St. Clair levels and an even smaller effect on Lake Erie. 
2011-06-06   |   View this publication   |   aucun
2011-05-30   |   View this publication   |   aucun
2011-05-20   |   View this publication   |   Ecosystems, Ontario Chapter, Wilderness and Species Conservation, Great Lakes, Health & Environment, Protecting Biodiversity
Karl Schiefer, a consulting Aquatic Biologist, gave this presentation "Great Lakes Ecosystems: Do We Value Them?" at our Port Huron event. Schiefer gives a brief history of human uses and impacts on the Great Lakes with a focus on Huron/Georgian Bay. Schiefer says our European value system (an anthorpocentric world-view with an emphasis on advanced technology) dominates our management of the Great Lakes. This has a huge impact on the environment as compared to the First Nations that coexisted with the resource for millenium without depleting it. Schiefer calls on us to rethink our proposed solutions to Great Lakes problems: "We have this incredible faith that our technology, which created almost all the problems that I outlined, can itself be the solution to those problems."
2011-05-20   |   View this publication   |   Ecosystems, Ontario Chapter, Water, Government, Great Lakes
Recently retired as a Program Director for the Great Lakes Commission after 8 years of service, Roger Gauthier gave this terrific presentation at our Great Lakes Symposium (April 8, 2011 in Port Huron, Michigan). The title of the presentation is: Great Lakes Levels and Flows. The material included is wholistic as to patterns & influences on the Great Lakes water levels. Gauthier's conclusions are hard-hitting: the sustained low lake levels in lakes Michigan, Huron & Georgian Bay are neither natural nor inevitable. And the choice to keep these lakes low is having negative economic and environmental effects.
2011-04-29   |   View this publication   |   Atlantic Chapter, General - No issue selected
Here are links to the answers we received from Candidates in Atlantic Canadian Ridings to our Election Questionnaire. If you are not sure of which Riding you are in, please go to Elections Canada's website to find out!     New Brunswick Conservative - No response Green NDP Liberal Newfoundland and Labrador Conservative - No response Green NDP Liberal - No response Nova Scotia Conservative Green NDP Liberal - No repsonse Prince Edward Island Conservative - No response Green NDP Liberal - No response If you want to see all of the answers we received from the Candidates in one spot, please go to this link.
2011-04-21   |   View this publication   |   aucun
2011-04-20   |   View this publication   |   Trade and Environment
By Janet M Eaton The following announcement that Julia Gillard's Australian government has rejected investor-State dispute settlement in trade agreements [1] is good news for those  who care about good government, democratic legislation and process, fairness, poverty reduction, the environment, and the planet not to mention a sustainable economy. For indeed the  investor state mechanism in Free Trade Agreements [FTAs] has been widely discredited on many fronts.  [For more on Investor state, sometimes referred to as investor privileges, see here.
2011-04-05   |   View this publication   |   Atlantic Chapter, Atmosphere & Energy
Edited transcript of Tony Reddin's submission to the Senate Committee on Energy, the Environment and Natural Resources on behalf of Environmental Coalition of Prince Edward Island (ECO-PEI) on Thursday, March 2, 2011The main issues raised in Mr. Reddin's submission: 1) using less energy from all sources is a critical part of avoiding more economical and climate catastrophes; 2) young people must be included in these strategy planning discussions and decisions; 3) farming without fossil fuels is a challenge that must be faced; 4) Canadian trade and energy agreements must be negotiated to serve Canadians instead of corporations, and 5) nuclear power is unnecessary, unsafe and uneconomical. Agenda: http://www.canadianenergyfuture.ca/?p=1679__________________________________________________________________

Sign-up and get involved...

Receive important news and action alerts!