People, Trade & the Environment
Tools & Information for Activists


March 26, 2003

1. War and Trade

  • WAR DISTRACTING FROM TRADE AGENDA - WTO HEAD
  • ‘NO BLOOD FOR WATER’: WORLD WATER FORUM
  • FREE TRADE DEAL A CASUALTY OF WAR
  • BUSH, PUTIN TRADE BARBS OVER IRAQ WAR
  • FEAR TRADE WILL SUFFER FORM OTTAWA’S POLICY ON IRAQ WAR
  • ALBERTA’S STAND ON WAR BASED ON TRADE FEARS
  • BUSINESS LEADERS SAY CHRÉTIEN’S STANCE ON IRAQ HARMS BUSINESS PROSPECTS
  • PM’S STAND WILL HURT TRADE - ONTARIO MINISTER
  • PUSH FOR US FIRMS TO RUN IRAQ’S HOSPITAL
  • US COMPANIES TO BID FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION
  • WAR ON IRAQ GOOD FOR AFRICA - NEPAD SECRETARIAT
  • WAR CONCERNS CAUSE MOROCCO TO SUSPEND TRADE TALKS WITH US
  • WTO, WAR AND GLOBALIZATION
  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF WAR
  • OIL CHIEFS HOLD EMERGENCY MEETING - NIGERIA


2. WTO (World Trade Organisation)

  • NO HOPE TO FINISH WTO TALKS BY 2005
  • WTO UPHOLDS BRAZILIAN SANCTIONS
  • KOREA PUTS EDUCATION ON THE TABLE
  • ANTI-DUMPING RULES PROTECT DOMESTIC MARKETS
  • NGOs AIM TO STOP WTO INVESTMENT PACT


WTO & Agriculture

  • WTO FARM TALKS KICK OFF
  • COMMENT ON WTO AG PROPOSAL BY KENYAN CIVIL SOCIETY
  • WTO AG NEGOTIATOR WON’T CHANGE PROPOSAL
  • LATEST WTO FARM TRADE PROPOSAL NIXED - JAPAN
  • AUSTRALIA REJECTS REVISED WTO PLAN TO LIBERALIZE AG TRADE
  • PROGRESS ON AG DEAL URGENTLY NEEDED - PETTIGREW
  • US BLAMES EU AND JAPAN FOR SLOW PROGRESS IN WTO FARM TRADE TALKS
  • PETTIGREW QUESTIONED ABOUT MILK SUPPLY
  • DAIRY FARMER APPEALS QUOTA SQUEEZE PLAY


3. IMF (International Monetary Fund) & The World Bank

  • WORLD BANK PLEDGES US$50 MILLION TO FIGHT HIV/AIDS
  • LIBERIA DOING DAMAGE CONTROL AT IMF
  • IDB ADMITS SERIOUS FLAWS IN GAS PROJECT


4. FTAA (Free Trade Area of the Americas) & NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)

  • TRADE BRINGS RICHES, BUT NOT TO MEXICO’S POOR
  • FTAA & THE ENVIRONMENT - CANADA’S ENVIRO AMBASSADOR
  • CEC PUBLIC SESSION - JUNE 23-5


5. Environment

  • WORLD WATER DAY - MARCH 22
  • DAILY REPORTS FROM WORLD WATER FORUM
  • ANDERSON: REFLECTIONS ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL AGENDA
  • THE PEOPLES WORLD WATER FORUM
  • NEW CONSTITUTION FOR GLOBAL WATER
  • CANADA’S SUSTAINABLE CITIES INITIATIVE IN AFRICA
  • DRILLING IN THE ARCTIC STOPPED (AGAIN)


6. Other

  • LAWSUIT AGAINST TALISMAN GOES AHEAD
  • EXPORT CANADA CORPORATE PLAN, 2003 - 2007
  • WEST AFRICA FACES SERIOUS CHALLENGES ON MILLENNIUM GOALS - UNDP
  • TRADE IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN (SOUTH AFRICA)
  • EU-MERCOSUR TRADE TALKS
  • EU TRADE - POSITION ON PHARMA TRADE
  • COMPENSATION STILL OUTSTANDING FOR KANANASKIS
  • WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM’S BUSINESS SUMMIT
  • FREE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT COURSE ON-LINE


7. Glossary



People, Trade and the Environment is a publication of the Sierra Club of Canada.This digest is available on-line at http://www.sierraclub.ca/national/trade-env/people-trade-environment/

Many thanks to Maeve Sullivan, Jimmy Dorey and others for their research and assistance. For information or comments, to subscribe or unsubscribe, please contact: Sarah Dover, sdover@magma.ca



1. War and Trade



WAR DISTRACTING FROM TRADE AGENDA - WTO HEAD

“Supachi: Doha Round Prospects Dim in Shadow of War; Explosion of Bilateral Teade Treaties a Threat”, Bridges Weekly Trade Digest, March 20, 2003

As the world’s attention focussed on the impeding war against Iraq, WTO Director-General Supachai Panitchpakdi gave a speech at the Geneva Graduate Institute for International Studies, warning of the negative repercussions in the area of trade that a weakening of multilateralism may bring forth. At the 17 March event, he warned that the war would further harm the already stalling talks. WTO Members would have to “redouble their efforts” after the outbreak of a war to “heal the wounds” and get the trade talks back on track, he said. …warning that “if we’re not careful and send the right signals, we might have to put up with another recession”.

http://www.ictsd.org/weekly/03-03-20/story5.htm

‘NO BLOOD FOR WATER’: WORLD WATER FORUM

“People’s Water Forum Urges World Water Parliament”, by Vanya Walker-Leigh, ENS, March 24, 2003

The Iraq conflict is partly about future control of Iraq’s huge water resources, an Italian Catholic missionary told an alternative world water forum in Florence, endorsing the meeting’s closing call for a new world water deal based on public sector control and a legal right to water for all by 2020.

http://ens-news.com/ens/mar2003/2003-03-24-01.asp

FREE TRADE DEAL A CASUALTY OF WAR

“Free trade deal a casualty of war; Conflict turns our world upside down”, by Thomas Walkom, The Toronto Star, March 23, 2003

The war on Iraq has thrown Canada’s world into disarray….Yet the very basis of the Canada-U.S. relationship itself may also need rethinking. Since 1989, that basis has been free trade. Once bitterly controversial, it is now accepted if perhaps grudgingly by most Canadians….Free trade and globalization gave rise to an entire new political theory of Canada in particular and of nation-states in general. Countries, it was argued, were no longer important. Rather it was regions that counted, or to echo the phrase used by economist Tom Courchene in his controversial reinterpretation of Ontario’s role in North America region-states.


BUSH, PUTIN TRADE BARBS OVER IRAQ WAR

“Bush, Putin Trade Barbs Over Iraq War: Tension Between U.S., Russia Grows As Bush Worries Russia Is Selling Devices to Baghdad”, The Associated Press, March 25, 2003

Russia is putting U.S. troops at risk in Iraq by selling antitank guided missiles, jamming devices and night-vision goggles to Baghdad, the Bush administration said Monday in a growing rift with Moscow. President Bush raised the issue in a tense telephone call with Russian President Vladimir Putin, who in turn charged that the United States was creating “a humanitarian catastrophe” in Iraq.

http://abcnews.go.com/wire/World/ap20030325_203.html

FEAR TRADE WILL SUFFER FORM OTTAWA’S POLICY ON IRAQ WAR

Reported in the Globe & Mail, March 26, 2003

Business fears that the political rift between Canada and the United States over Iraq could hurt commercial relations were heightened Tuesday after US Ambassador Paul Cellucci said Ottawa’s decision to sit out the may strain relations between the world’s two largest trading partners. Business groups say they fear a political rift between Canada and the US could hurt cross-border commercial relationships and sink the chances of negotiating settlements to urgent trade battles such as the lengthy $10 billion softwood lumber conflict.


ALBERTA’S STAND ON WAR BASED ON TRADE FEARS

Reported in the National Post, March 25, 2003

The Alberta government lends support to U.S. due to concern over Ottawa’s stance on the war in Iraq is harming cross-border trade.ÊÊ”I believe it is important that our friends in the U.S. hear voices of friendship and support from abroad”, said Alberta Premier Ralph Klein. “Equally important is the message of support for troops from Britain and Australia, our friends in the Commonwealth.ÊÊThey too are at the front lines of this conflict and our prayers are with them”.ÊÊHis words triggered bitter reaction from those opposed to the war, some 15,000 of whom marched in a weekend rally.ÊÊMr. Klein contradicted his economic minister when he said he was not trying to ingratiate Alberta to the U.S. out of economic interest, while his economic minister, who had said that is exactly why Alberta should speak out in favour of the U.S. initiative.


BUSINESS LEADERS SAY CHRÉTIEN’S STANCE ON IRAQ HARMS BUSINESS PROSPECTS

Reported in the National Post, March 21, 2003

A sizeable majority of Canadian business leaders said they felt the Chrétien government’s opposition to the United States’ position on Iraq will harm Canadian companies trying to do business in the US, according to a Financial Post poll released Thursday. The poll, conducted by COMPAS Inc., said 57% of business leaders canvassed believed that Ottawa’s position would result in a backlash. It also found that participants gave the Chrétien government’s handling of current Canada-US relations a grade of 41, on a scale of 100 would be the best possible score. COMPAS conducted a poll of 138 business leaders from small, medium and large corporations across Canada.


PM’S STAND WILL HURT TRADE - ONTARIO MINISTER

Reported in the Globe & Mail, March 20, 2003

A Senior Ontario Cabinet Minister attacked Prime Minister Jean Chrétien yesterday, complaining that his decision to oppose the US action in Iraq will damage trade links that are essential for the Ontario economy.ÊÊOpportunity Minister Jim Flaherty said Mr. Chrétien’s action “has made our American partners question their relationship with us”.


PUSH FOR US FIRMS TO RUN IRAQ’S HOSPITAL

“Blow for Short in battle with Pentagon: Military wants US firms to run Iraq’s hospitals”, by Charlotte Denny, The Guardian, March 22, 2003 …President George Bush promised Tony Blair at the Azores summit that the UN would have a key role after the war ends. But the Pentagon believes this should be confined to humanitarian assistance and is pressing ahead with its own plans, which would put US companies in charge of the country’s schools and hospitals.

http://politics.guardian.co.uk/foreignaffairs/story/0,11538,919479,00.html

US COMPANIES TO BID FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION

“Which Companies Will Put Iraq Back Together?”, by Diana Henriques, New York Times, March 23, 2003

…government contract officers, who in the coming days plan to give American companies the first contracts to rebuild Iraq, a task that experts say could eventually cost $25 billion to $100 billion. It would be the largest postwar rebuilding since the Marshall Plan in Europe after World War II.


WAR ON IRAQ GOOD FOR AFRICA - NEPAD SECRETARIAT

“War on Iraq Should Spur a Self-Reliant Africa”, by Richard Mantu, BuaNews (Pretoria), March 25, 2003

Posted to the web March 25, 2003

If the United States-led war against Iraq should have an impact on Africa, it should only spur Africans to be in partnership with one another to ensure the success of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (Nepad). This according to the international liaison manager of Nepad Secretariat Dave Malcomson, speaking in Midrand today, at the Development Bank of Southern Africa Dialogue Series on the impact of war against Iraq on African initiatives. Mr Malcomson said the war should be turned into a positive spin-off for Africa, as it provided Africans with an opportunity to be self-reliant and start defining and determining their own future.

http://allafrica.com/stories/200303250487.html

WAR CONCERNS CAUSE MOROCCO TO SUSPEND TRADE TALKS WITH US

“Morocco Set To Postpone Free Trade Talks With U.S.”, Reuters, Match 25, 2003

Morocco, a moderate Muslim kingdom which has seen widespread protests against the war in Iraq, is set to postpone talks with the United States on a proposed free trade agreement. “We are on the verge of announcing the postponement of the second round of the talks,” a spokeswoman for the foreign ministry said. She declined to elaborate.

http://www.tradeobservatory.org/news/index.cfm?ID=4232

WTO, WAR AND GLOBALIZATION

“WTO, War and Globalisation: Forever New Frontiers”, by Aziz Choudry, Scoop Media

“Forever New Frontiers”…Could it be the motto for the World Bank, IMF and the Asian Development Bank as their structural adjustment, deregulation and privatization programs create new opportunities for transnational corporations to control water, agriculture, biodiversity, devastate the environment and deny peoples’ rights to determine their own futures?…When will we see weapons inspectors being sent to the offices of the WTO, IMF, World Bank, and ADB to find their weapons of mass destruction?

http://www.scoop.co.nz/mason/stories/HL0303/S00213.htm

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF WAR

“Briefing note: the war in iraq; general environmental implications”, Friends of the Earth International

http://www.foei.org/media/2003/ewnibriefing.html

OIL CHIEFS HOLD EMERGENCY MEETING - NIGERIA

“Warri: NNPC, Oil Chiefs Hold Emergency Meeting”, by Mike Oduniyi, This Day (Lagos), March 25, 2003

The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) and chief executives of some multinational oil companies held an emergency meeting yesterday in Lagos over the loss of more than 600,000 barrels per day of oil to the escalating crisis in Warri, Delta State. The meeting came amid unconfirmed reports of a rocket attack on one of the crude oil tanks of US oil major, ChevronTexaco in Escravos, as militant youths suspected to be Ijaws have now shifted attacks to oil facilities.

http://allafrica.com/stories/200303250433.html




2. WTO (World Trade Organisation)



NO HOPE TO FINISH WTO TALKS BY 2005

The New Zealand Herald, March 26, 2003 The Bush administration’s hope of concluding a new world trade pact by January 2005 is destined to fail because of wide disagreements on agriculture, a pair of US trade experts said on Tuesday. “The current negotiating deadline to complete the Doha Round … at the end of 2004 is just not going to happen,” Fred Bergsten, director of the Institute for International Economics, said in a speech to business economists. Clayton Yeutter, a former US trade representative and agriculture secretary, agreed “there’s no way we’re going to finish (the WTO negotiations) at the end of 2004.” The negotiations more likely will stretch on until the middle of 2007, when the White House’s current trade negotiating authority expires, Bergsten said.

http://www.nzherald.co.nz/storydisplay.cfm?storyID=3300603&thesection=business&thesubsection=latest

WTO UPHOLDS BRAZILIAN SANCTIONS

Financial Post, March 20, 2003

Brazil was granted permission by the World Trade Organization yesterday to impose almost US$250-million per year in trade sanctions against Canada in a dispute over aircraft subsidies. The amount was fixed by a WTO arbitrator last month after Brazil complained that the Canadians had failed to comply with a WTO decision that ruled illegal its subsidy program for regional aircraft manufacturer Bombardier Inc.

http://hoovnews.hoovers.com/fp.asp?layout=displaynews&doc_id=NR20030320670.4_99260006f7dd128a

KOREA PUTS EDUCATION ON THE TABLE

“Seoul to Facilitate Limited Education Market Opening”, by Kim Sung-jin, Korea Times, Match 26, 2003 The Seoul government has decided to offer limited access for World Trade Organization member countries to the local education market at the Doha Development Agenda (DDA) negotiations….”The government has decided to proceed with a plan to allow foreign investors to open and operate universities, other tertiary schools and education institutes for adults in the local market, but will limit the access to only nonprofit educational foundations,” a MOFAT official said.

http://times.hankooki.com/lpage/tech/200303/kt2003032618020611790.htm

ANTI-DUMPING RULES PROTECT DOMESTIC MARKETS

“71 states introduce dumping law: WTO moot”, by Mubarak Zeb, Dawn, March 26, 2003

Developing countries, including Pakistan, are actively using the anti-dumping measures to protect their domestic products against cheap imports. With coming into effect of the anti-dumping measures in 1995, around 71 WTO-member countries have so far introduced anti-dumping law in their respective countries, said director, information and media relation division of the WTO, Keith Rockwell.

http://www.dawn.com/2003/03/26/ebr1.htm

NGOs AIM TO STOP WTO INVESTMENT PACT

“Campaign groups aim to stop WTO investment pact”, The International News, March 23, 2003

Global campaigning groups said on Friday they would try to stop a World Trade Organisation (WTO) pact setting common rules for foreign investment, arguing it would undermine poor economies. Representatives of some of the more than 50 organisations joining the effort said they would lobby governments, especially in Europe, against a proposed accord that would be a potential “Bill of Rights for transnational corporations”.

Projects for a pact tabled at the WTO by the European Union and Japan its main champions in the 145-member body could provide big firms with “a weapon of economic mass destruction”, one prominent figure in the campaign said. “These proposals are very one sided,” Martin Khor of the Malaysia-based Third World Network told a news conference.

http://jang.com.pk/thenews/mar2003-daily/23-03-2003/business/b11.htm




WTO & AGRICULTURE



WTO FARM TALKS KICK OFF

AFP

Members of the World Trade Organisation began key talks here on Tuesday on global agricultural reform amid wide differences between countries. The meeting is scheduled to run until next Monday, when the 145-member WTO is supposed to have set the guidelines and targets for the farming negotiations….The big farming exporters of the 18-strong Cairns Group led by Australia, and the United States, accuse the European Union of spending billions of dollars on protecting their farmers. But the EU, along with Switzerland and Japan, say their so-called non-trade concerns such as the role played by farming on environmental protection are not sufficiently being taken into consideration.

http://www.bday.co.za/bday/content/direct/1,3523,1312760-6078-0,00.html

COMMENT ON WTO AG PROPOSAL BY KENYAN CIVIL SOCIETY

“Comments from Kenyan civil society on Harbinson’s revised first draft modalities paper”, 21st March 2003

http://www.tradeobservatory.org/library/uploadedfiles/Comments_from_Kenyan_civil_society_on_Harbinso.pdf

WTO AG NEGOTIATOR WON’T CHANGE PROPOSAL

“India’s plea to lower tariffs, market access; WTO panel chief rules out change in his approach”, Deccan Herald, March 20

Unfazed by massive opposition on all sides including India, World Trade Organization (WTO) agriculture negotiations committee Chairman Stuart Harbinson on Tuesday stuck to his ground that he can not bring changes in his middle-of-road approach he announced last month for global farm trade liberalization.

http://www.deccanherald.com/deccanherald/mar20/b2.asp

LATEST WTO FARM TRADE PROPOSAL NIXED - JAPAN

Japan Times, March 20, 2003 The latest WTO proposal regarding agricultural trade is unacceptable to Japan in that it urges big tariff cuts, farm minister Tadamori Oshima said Wednesday.

Oshima made Japan’s position clear at a morning meeting of the House of Representatives farm committee. He said the new proposal, put forth Tuesday, is unacceptable because a major portion of it is unchanged from the first version.

http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?nb20030320a1.htm

AUSTRALIA REJECTS REVISED WTO PLAN TO LIBERALIZE AG TRADE

Dow Jones, March 19, 2003

Australia Wednesday rejected revised guidelines for agricultural trade reform proposed by the World Trade Organization, with Australian Trade Minister Mark Vaile saying the revisions don’t differ much from the original draft and still don’t go far enough. The revised proposal, drawn up by Stuart Harbinson, head of the WTO agriculture negotiations group, was presented Tuesday to the WTO’s 145 member nations in Geneva.

WTO members are trying to meet a March 31 deadline to agree on a framework for liberalizing farm trade in the latest round of global negotiations, which began in Doha, Qatar, in 2001. Australia is a major global exporter of many farm products, and has consistently argued for much greater liberalization of trade in these and other goods, namely through increased market access and cuts to production and export subsidies.

http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story&u=/dowjones/20030319/bs_dowjones/200303190628000622

PROGRESS ON AG DEAL URGENTLY NEEDED - PETTIGREW

“Lack of Consensus Among WTO Members in Agriculture Means Little Change for Chair’s WTO Draft Proposals”, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Press Release, March 20, 2003

Limited changes in the latest draft proposal on agriculture by the Chair of the World Trade Organization (WTO) agriculture negotiations reflect the wide divergence of views which remains among WTO members, Agriculture and Agri-Food Minister Lyle Vanclief and International Trade Minister Pierre Pettigrew said today.

“Progress is urgently needed in the agriculture negotiations if we are to meet the objectives agreed to by Ministers as part of the Doha Development Agenda,” said Mr. Pettigrew. “Agriculture is the cornerstone of the overall negotiations.”

http://www.agr.gc.ca/cb/news/2003/n30320ae.html

US BLAMES EU AND JAPAN FOR SLOW PROGRESS IN WTO FARM TRADE TALKS

Agence France Presse, March 26, 2003

Washington’s chief representative at international farm trade negotiations under way in Geneva on Wednesday blamed the European Union and Japan for lack of progress in the talks, as they approach a key March 31 deadline. Allen Johnson was speaking the day after diplomats at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) resumed efforts to meet the target date, set by ministers in Doha, Qatar in November 2001, for an agreement how the agriculture talks should be conducted.

http://www.tradeobservatory.org/news/index.cfm?ID=4237

PETTIGREW QUESTIONED ABOUT MILK SUPPLY

37th PARLIAMENT, 2nd SESSION, March 24, 2003

Mr. Roger Gaudet (BerthierMontcalm, BQ):…How can they reconcile claiming to be bulwarks of the supply management system and systematically allowing milk products that eat away our milk producers’ market share to come into the country?

Hon. Pierre Pettigrew (Minister for International Trade, Lib.): Mr. Speaker, as you know, during the negotiations at the World Trade Organization, we always stand 100% behind the supply management system. This is a system in which we believe, a system in which we want to continue working very closely with milk producers. The Minister of Agriculture and I have set up a working committee with representatives from the industry. We recently received a number of demands from them. We will be answering them soon with respect to the demands to which the hon. member is referring.

http://www.parl.gc.ca/37/2/parlbus/chambus/house/debates/076_2003-03-24/han076_1450-E.htm#SOB-469353

DAIRY FARMER APPEALS QUOTA SQUEEZE PLAY

Reported in the National Post, The Montreal Gazette, ÊMarch 24, 2003

…Barrie, Ont., dairy farmer has been selling directly to the United States for over two years, a practice the Dairy Farmers of Ontario has decreed must stop within months. The group - part-lobby, part-regulator under provincial legislation - says his business is illegal after a World Trade Organization ruling that Canadian milk exports are illegally subsidized. But Birch and about 100 other dairy farmers say the WTO decision is a pretext and the real motive is reasserting the complete monopoly of the provincial milk marketers.




3. IMF (International Monetary Fund) & The World Bank



WORLD BANK PLEDGES US$50 MILLION TO FIGHT HIV/AIDS

The East African Standard (Nairobi), March 25, 2003

The World Bank has pledged US$50 million (about Sh4 billion) to fight the HIV/Aids scourge, the Government announced yesterday. The Minister for Health, Charity Ngilu said the National Aids Control Council had another Sh80 million set aside for religious organisations in the country. She said many organisations were willing to donate funds to fight the spread of the pandemic and assisting the affected and infected “but we do not have the capacity to spend the money”….She pointed out that as many as 8,000 girls were dying from abortion-induced deaths in hospitals after botched-up attempts to rid themselves of the pregnancies.

http://allafrica.com/stories/200303250233.html

LIBERIA DOING DAMAGE CONTROL AT IMF

“”Damage Control” - Bank Governor Off to IMF”, The NEWS (Monrovia), March 25, 2003

Central Bank Governor Elie E. Saleeby has left the Country for Washington, D.C. to “meet with the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Mr. Saleeby whose position as Governor makes him an Alternative Representative to the Fund, is making the trip barely two weeks after that multilateral development institution suspended the voting rights of Liberia for “non cooperation with the Fund.” According to credible sources close to the Central Bank, Mr. Saleeby left the Country on March 18 via Accra to meet with key officers of the IMF on various aspects of Liberia’s precarious situation with that world financial body.

http://allafrica.com/stories/200303250077.html

IDB ADMITS SERIOUS FLAWS IN GAS PROJECT

“Inter-American Development Bank President Iglesias Admits Serious Flaws in Camisea Gas Project: still no commitment to loan”, Friends of the Earth International Press Release, March 24, 2003

…President Enrique Iglesias and Senior IDB officials admitted that the Camisea gas project in Peru is problematic and controversial, as it is having negative impacts on the environment and on indigenous peoples. Iglesias made it clear that the IDB loan for Camisea is not certain and acknowledged potential financial risks. He also pledged to meet with Peruvian indigenous organizations in the near future to discuss their concerns.

The meeting between NGOs and Iglesias came after the recent release of a memorandum documenting alarming deaths inside a legally recognized reserve for isolated and uncontacted indigenous peoples, where part of the project is located.

http://www.foei.org/media/2003/0324.html




4. FTAA (Free Trade Area of the Americas) & NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)



TRADE BRINGS RICHES, BUT NOT TO MEXICO’S POOR

by Mary Jordan and Kevin Sullivan, Washington Post, March 22, 2003

…While the percentage of poor Mexicans is about the same now as it was in the early 1980s a little more than 50 percent the population has grown over the same period, from 70 million to 100 million. That means about 19 million more Mexicans are living in poverty than 20 years ago, according to the Mexican government and international organizations. About 24 million nearly one in every four Mexicans are classified as extremely poor and unable to afford adequate food.

http://www.tradeobservatory.org/news/index.cfm?ID=4225

FTAA & THE ENVIRONMENT - CANADA’S ENVIRO AMBASSADOR

“Speaking Notes for The Honourable Gilbert Parent, Ambassador for the Environment at the Greening the FTAA Conference”, March 18, 2003

… there is still no formal mechanism for governments to discuss environmental cooperation within the FTAA….As we all know, there is resistance to talking about environmental issues in the FTAA context.

http://www.ec.gc.ca/minister/speeches/2003/030319b_s_e.htm

CEC PUBLIC SESSION - JUNE 23-5

“Invitation to attend 10th Regular Session of the CEC Council, on 23-25 June 2003, in Washington, DC”, CEC Press Release, March 21, 2003

The Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) invites you to the 10th Regular Session of the Council of the CEC and other concurrent events to be held from 23-25 June 2003, in Washington, DC. During this session, the Councilwhich is composed of the environment ministers of Canada, Mexico and the United Stateswill examine opportunities and challenges for enhancing North American environmental cooperation, and identify priorities for 2004 and beyond.

http://www.cec.org/news/details/index.cfm?varlan=english&ID=2528




5. Environment



WORLD WATER DAY - MARCH 22

37th PARLIAMENT, 2nd SESSION, March 21, 2003

Mr. Bernard Bigras (RosemontPetite-Patrie, BQ): Mr. Speaker, tomorrow, March 22, has been proclaimed World Water Day by the United Nations….This week, the Third World Water Forum was held in Kyoto. At the forum, which is also an important event in the International Year of Freshwater, the United Nations presented the World Water Development Report.

http://www.parl.gc.ca/37/2/parlbus/chambus/house/debates/075_2003-03-21/han075_1110-E.htm#SOB-467197

DAILY REPORTS FROM WORLD WATER FORUM

“Forum Bulletin: A Daily Report of the 3rd World Water Forum and Ministerial Conference Sustainable Developments is a publication of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)” The 3rd World Water Forum met from 16-23 March 2003 in Kyoto, Osaka and Shiga, Japan, and was organized jointly by the World Water Council and the Government of Japan.

http://www.iisd.ca/sd/3wwf/sdvol82num8.html

ANDERSON: REFLECTIONS ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL AGENDA

“Speaking Notes for The Honourable David Anderson, P.C., M.P. Minister of the Environment at the opening of Americana 2003”, March 19, 2003

http://www.ec.gc.ca/minister/speeches/2003/030319_s_e.htm

THE PEOPLES WORLD WATER FORUM

“Peoples World Water Forum ­ March 21 and 22, 2003, Florence, Italy”,

CIEL Press release, March 2003

While governments and the private sector from all over the world convened at the Third World Water Forum in Japan from 16 to 23 March, 2003, a number of civil society organizations, including CIEL, participated in parallel events in order to propose alternatives and recommendations to the trends to liberalize and privatize water services. The largest of these meetings, the PeoplesWorld Water Forum, was organized by the Europe Social Forum in partnership with a number of international organizations in Florence, Italy, on March 21st and 22nd.

http://www.ciel.org/Tae/WaterForum_24Mar03.html

NEW CONSTITUTION FOR GLOBAL WATER

“Kyoto Gathering Launches Alternate Declaration”, Council of Canadians Press Release, March 20, 2003

Emboldened by the growing global water crisis, and determined not to let corporate control dominate the World Water Forum, an international coalition of public interest organizations today released a declaration of what they envision to be a new constitution for global water policy….A massive network of people has now coalesced to challenge the consensus of a corporate model which relies heavily on private funding, private control of water systems, and a disregard for the human suffering that quickly follows such an agenda.

http://www.canadians.org/news_updates.htm?COC_token=024KA24&step=2&id=85

CANADA’S SUSTAINABLE CITIES INITIATIVE IN AFRICA

“Canadian Partnership Initiative Will Advance Sustainable Development in Senegal and Algeria”, Industry Canada Press Release, March 20, 2003

Dakar, Senegal, and Algiers, Algeria will benefit from Canadian expertise in sustainable urban development, as these cities have been selected as the most recent partners in the Government of Canada’s Sustainable Cities Initiative.

http://www.ic.gc.ca/cmb/

DRILLING IN THE ARCTIC STOPPED (AGAIN)

Mr. Larry Bagnell (Yukon, Lib.): Mr. Speaker, the Prime Minister, the Minister of the Environment, myself, the Caribou Commons Project and the Gwich’in people have lobbied hard for years about not drilling in the 1002 lands of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. There was an important vote in the United States senate yesterday. Could the Minister of the Environment please report to us on this very important vote in the United States senate?

Hon. David Anderson (Minister of the Environment, Lib.): Mr. Speaker, I am happy to report to the House that the United States senate, in a 52 to 48 vote, eliminated the authority to drill in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge from the draft budget resolution. I caution members this may not be the end of this issue.

http://www.parl.gc.ca/




6. Other



LAWSUIT AGAINST TALISMAN GOES AHEAD

by Byron Christopher, Rabble, March 19, 2003

A U.S. civil-rights suit launched by the Presbyterian Church of Sudan and a coalition of Sudanese refugee groups against Talisman Energy of Calgary and the Government of Sudan will be able to proceed. Carey D’Avino, the Philadelphia lawyer spearheading the action, has told rabble.ca that Justice Allen Schwartz of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York ruled today that the lawsuit filed initially in 2001 and amended last year can go ahead.

http://www.rabble.ca/news_full_story.shtml?sh_itm=364f9f9607535762ad4e6d5dbb705d79&r=1

EXPORT CANADA CORPORATE PLAN, 2003 - 2007

37th PARLIAMENT, 2nd SESSION, March 19, 2003

Hon. Pierre Pettigrew (Minister for International Trade, Lib.): Mr. Speaker, pursuant to section 32(2) of the Standing Orders of the House of Commons, I have the honour to table, in both official languages, the 2003-07 Corporate Plan Summary of Export Development Canada.

http://www.parl.gc.ca/37/2/parlbus/chambus/house/debates/073_2003-03-19/han073_1515-E.htm#SOB-459883

WEST AFRICA FACES SERIOUS CHALLENGES ON MILLENNIUM GOALS - UNDP

“Region Faces Stiff Challenges On Millennium Development Goals”, United Nations Development Programme (New York), March 25, 2003

…A UNDP study on the MDGs in the region indicates that 100 million people, accounting for 44 per cent of the total population of 230 million, live in severe poverty, surviving on less than US$1 a day. By 2015 the region’s population will reach 300 million, magnifying the challenge of halving severe poverty.

http://allafrica.com/stories/200303250751.html

TRADE IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN (SOUTH AFRICA)

“New Report on Trafficking of Women and Children”, International Organization for Migration (Geneva), March 25, 2003

The IOM office in Pretoria launched a new report on the nature of the trade in women and children in southern Africa….Some of the report’s findings include: international trafficking in the region is more pervasive than thought, especially for sex work;…South Africa is the main destination country;… The report also points out that Southern Africa hosts a diverse range of human trafficking activities, from the global operations of Chinese triad groups, and Russian organized crime, to the local trade in persons across land borders perpetrated by local syndicates. The region’s young women and children are especially vulnerable to the recruitment tactics of traffickers because civil unrest and economic deprivation leave them with few opportunities at home.

http://allafrica.com/stories/200303250752.html

EU-MERCOSUR TRADE TALKS

“ Ninth meeting of the European Union-Mercosur Bi-Regional Negotiations Committee Brussels, 17-21 March 2003”, EU Trade Press Release

From 17 to 21 March 2003, negotiators from the European Union and Mercosur met in Brussels for the ninth round of negotiations on the Interregional Association Agreement.

Mr Rigoberto Gauto, Vice Minister of Economical Relations and Integration of Paraguay, on behalf of the pro tempore Presidency of Mercosur, and Mr Karl Falkenberg, Director for Free Trade Agreements of the Directorate-General for Trade of the European Commission, on behalf of the European Union, jointly opened the meeting. They underlined their commitment to a rapid progress in these negotiations and in particular welcomed the recent exchange of substantive tariff offers.

http://europa.eu.int/comm/trade/bilateral/mercosur/9eumerc_meet.htm

EU TRADE - POSITION ON PHARMA TRADE

“International trade in drugs: its role in equitable development”, Speech by Pascal Lamy, EU Trade Commissioner to the Association of Pharmaceutical Industry Managers, 21 March 2003

… the pharmaceutical industry has come to symbolise a number of trends which have emerged over the last ten or fifteen years: widening disparities of development, global interdependency of trade movements, acceleration of technological progress which only benefits a minority, the explosion of a deadly disease known as AIDS, the emergence of global civil society, and the inadequacies of national and international governance systems. The simultaneous convergence of all these trends is clearly not without risks; in a field as vital and as sensitive as public health, the results are potentially explosive.

Today I’d like to describe for you the European position on these issues.

http://europa.eu.int/comm/commissioners/lamy/speeches_articles/spla162_en.htm

COMPENSATION STILL OUTSTANDING FOR KANANASKIS

37th PARLIAMENT, 2nd SESSION, March 21, 2003

Mr. Myron Thompson (Wild Rose, Canadian Alliance): Mr. Speaker, a total of 10 businesses from the Canmore and Kananaskis area have submitted claims to the government for revenues lost during the G-8 summit last summer. Their claims have been denied or severely reduced …

Hon. Ralph Goodale (Minister of Public Works and Government Services, Minister responsible for the Canadian Wheat Board and Federal Interlocutor for Métis and Non-Status Indians, Lib.): Mr. Speaker, it is my understanding that each one of these claims has been very carefully examined against the guidelines that were published before the G-8 summit. …if any such individual has a problem with the process, if they think they are being dealt with unfairly, then they need merely to write to the Minister of Public Works and Government Services….

http://www.parl.gc.ca/37/2/parlbus/chambus/house/debates/075_2003-03-21/han075_1150-E.htm#SOB-467407

WORLD ECONOMIC FORUM’S BUSINESS SUMMIT

“Participants Prepare for the China Business Summit 2003; Unique Innovative Extranet Site Provides Participants with Fast and Easy Access to Key Background Information”, WEF Press Release, March 20, 2003

…This year’s Summit, which will take place in Beijing, China, from 14 to 15 April, will focus on the challenges and opportunities facing China’s growth and its new leadership. More than 500 of the world’s business leaders, politicians and academics are expected to take part. For the first time in its history, the Summit will be held in cooperation with UNCTAD (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development) and the WTO (World Trade Organization). The local partner for the Summit is the China Enterprise Confederation.

http://www.weforum.org/

FREE DISPUTE SETTLEMENT COURSE ON-LINE

“UNCTAD offers dispute settlement course online”, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

The course focuses on the basic rules and jurisprudence of dispute settlement at the World Trade Organization (WTO), the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) and the arbitration rules of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL). It also looks at three regional approaches - those of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR) and the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN).

http://www.unctad.org/Templates/Startpage.asp?intItemID=2068&lang=1




7. Glossary


“Chapter 11” …of the NAFTA on Dispute Settlement

DDA Doha Development Agenda

DFAIT Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade

ENGO Environmental non-governmental organization

FTA Free trade agreement

FTAA Free Trade Area of the Americas

GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

HIPC Heavily Indebted Poor Country

IFI International financial institution

ILO International Labor Organization

IMF International Monetary Fund

LDCs Lesser Developed Countries

MEA Multilateral Environmental Agreement

NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement

NGO Non-governmental organization

TRIPS Agreement Respecting Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

UNDP UN Development Programme

USTR US Trade Representative

WEF World Economic Forum

WHO World Health Organization

WSF World Social Forum

WTO World Trade Organization

GATS General Agreement on Trade in Services




Sierra Club of Canada has an active programme on Trade and the Environment. SCC has challenged Chapter 11 through the courts on the S.D.Myers case, played an integral role in the fight against the MAI and works in coalition with the Common Front on the WTO, Common Frontiers and the Canadian Alliance on Trade and the Environment.



FOR INFORMATION OR COMMENTS, TO SUBSCRIBE OR UNSUBSCRIBE, PLEASE CONTACT: Sarah Dover, sdover@magma.ca