People, Trade & the Environment
Tools & Information for Activists


August 13, 2003

1. WTO (World Trade Organisation)

  • DAY BY DAY IN CANCUN ACCORDING TO THE EC
  • EU, U.S., CDA SUBMIT MARKET ACCESS PROPOSAL
  • MARKET ACCESS PROPOSAL HARD ON INDIA, OTHERS
  • STIGLTZ ON CANCUN: POOR NATIONS FEAR TALKS
  • [AFRICAN] GROWTH DEPENDS ON ACCESS TO MARKETS, NOT AID
  • IT’S THE WTO OR STARVATION - CITIZEN EDITORIAL
  • SOME COUNTRIES SCRAMBLING TO PREPARE FOR CANCUN
  • UPDATE AND EXPLANATION: INVESTMENT AND THE WTO
  • ACTIVISTS FEAR WTO INVESTMENT ACCORD
  • 100,000 GATHER AT ANTI-WTO PROTEST IN FRANCE
  • PETTIGREW STATEMENT POST-MONTREAL
  • 340 ARRESTED IN MONTREAL
  • LE MINI SOMMET DE L'OMC N'A PAS ÉTÉ UN ÉCHEC, MAIS...
  • GATT-ZILLA TURNS THE TRADE TABLES
  • U.S. APPEALS WTO STEEL DUTIES


Agriculture

  • EU, U.S. REACH FARM COMPROMISE
  • EU/U.S. FARM DEAL GETS FLAK FROM POOR COUNTRIES
  • NOT SO MUCH OF A DEAL AS A SIGNAL - THE ECONOMIST
  • AG SUBSIDIES ARE “MORALLY DEPRAVED”: NY TIMES
  • WEST MUST OPEN BARN DOOR, OR ELSE
  • THE TRIP WIRE WAITING FOR PETTIGREW
  • U.S. CUTS BEEF PRODUCTION ESTIMATES
  • MEMO TO TOKYO - OUR BEEF IS SAFE


2. GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms)

  • U.S. AND OTHERS REQUEST WTO PANEL IN CHALLENGE AGAINST EU GE BAN
  • PROVINCE SAYS NO TO GENETICALLY MODIFIED WHEAT
  • ACTIVISTS SUSPET MONSANTO IN GM SEED CONTROVERSY


3. SOFTWOOD LUMBER

  • NAFTA PANEL ORDERS U.S. TO REVIEW DUTIES ON CANADIAN SOFTWOOD LUMBER
  • TRADE PANEL SAUS U.S LUMBER TARIFFS OK
  • LUMBER INDUSTRY IS SUBSIDIZED, PANEL FINDS
  • LUMBER DEAL NAILED DOWN?
  • FOREST GIANT FELLED BY US DUTIES


4. IMF (International Monetary Fund) & THE WORLD BANK

  • URGENT NEED TO ADDRESS ENVIRONMENT AND POVERTY: WORLD BANK
  • PROTEST DURING PAN-AM GAMES AIMED AT IMF
  • IMF IN IRAQ: DRAFTING BANKING LEGISLATION


5. FTAA (Free Trade Area of the Americas) & NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)

  • FEDERAL TORIES STRIKE NAFTA COMMISSION
  • ANTI-FTAA ACTIVISTS THREATENED
  • CONSULTATION: FTAA DEMOCRACY CLAUSE
  • FTAA: AMERICAS BUSINESS FORUM WEB SITE LAUNCHED
  • FROM ‘CARNAL’ TO COLD: LATIN AMERICA PLAYS COY WITH U.S.
  • REPORT ON NAFTA CHAPTER 11 MULTI-STAKEHOLDER
  • U.S. LAWMAKERS ENDORSE AGREEMENT LIMITING CANADIAN WASTE SHIPMENTS
  • U.S. SEEKS TO ADD DOMINICAN REPUBLIC TO CAFTA
  • FREE TRADE A DILEMMA FOR CHILE


6. ENVIRONMENT

  • AUGUST 10 - 16: WORLD WATER WEEK
  • $1 BILLION FOR KYOTO IMPLEMENTATION
  • NUCLEAR REGULATIONS UNDER CONSULTATION
  • NRCAN CONSULTS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
  • WESTERN FOREST FIRES LINKED TO CLIMATE CHANGE
  • MERCURY RISING: STUDY SPARKS FEAR OF CONTAMINATION


7. OTHER

  • CHAMBER OF COMMERCE PICKS MARTIN ON FREE TRADE
  • POLITICAL SATIRE AIMED AT PAUL MARTIN
  • DAVID DODGE’S FREE TRADE VISION
  • U.S. AND BAHRAIN ENTER INTO FREE TRADE TALKS


8. Glossary



People, Trade and the Environment is a publication of the Sierra Club of Canada.This digest is available on-line at http://www.sierraclub.ca/national/trade-env/people-trade-environment/

Many thanks to everyone who has contributed to the publication of this digest. For information or comments, to subscribe or unsubscribe, please contact: Sarah Dover, sdover@magma.ca



1. WTO (World Trade Organisation)

BACK


DAY BY DAY IN CANCUN ACCORDING TO THE EC

“Cancun Special: Advancing the Doha Development Agenda - Everything you wanted to know about Cancun”

As the European Trade Commissioner, I represent 15 EU Member States, plus ten future members, and I will be there to defend our interests and our vision of globalisation, which is that it should be managed and have the same rules for everybody….Monday: Agriculture…Tuesday: Goods…Wednesday: Services…Thursday: Medicines…Friday: So-called “regulatory issues”…Saturday: Environment…Sunday: the bell for the last lap

http://europa.eu.int/comm/trade/issues/newround/doha_da/cancun/pr060803_en.htm

EU, U.S., CDA SUBMIT MARKET ACCESS PROPOSAL

"EU, US and Canada submit paper on WTO negotiations on non-agricultural market access", Directorate General Trade of the European Commission, Brussels, 13 August 2003

The EU and the US, joined by Canada, have tabled in the WTO a joint paper to facilitate negotiations on market access – tariffs and non-tariff barriers – for industrial goods. The paper proposes that WTO Members agree on the use of a single mathematical formula to reduce all tariff rates, simple to apply and to understand, geared to producing ambitious tariff cuts and to reduce differences in tariff rates across WTO Members (in the WTO jargon “a simple, single, ambitious, harmonising formula”). This approach includes measures for granting developing countries special and differential treatment, as well as flexibility to manage their tariffs on the basis of their economic needs.

http://europa.eu.int/comm/trade/issues/newround/doha_da/cancun/pr130803_en.htm

MARKET ACCESS PROPOSAL HARD ON INDIA, OTHERS

“US, EU, Canada Want Biting Tariff Cuts For India, Others”, Financial Express, by Amiti Sen, August 13, 2003

The US, EU and Canada have submitted a joint proposal to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) suggesting an alternative formula for tariff cuts in non-agriculture products. The formula entails sharper cuts on tariffs for developing countries like India which may have to bring down average tariffs to about 9 per cent from the existing 41 per cent. At the same time, the proposed formula is soft on tariff escalations and tariff peaks maintained by the developed world.

http://www.financialexpress.com/fe_full_story.php?content_id=40048

STIGLTZ ON CANCUN: POOR NATIONS FEAR TALKS

“Poor Nations Fear Remedies That Will Make Life Harder”, Business Day (Johannesburg), by Joseph Stiglitz, August 13, 2003

…One would have thought that the developing countries would look forward to the meeting as a chance to achieve a fairer global trading system. Instead, many fear that what has happened in the past will happen again: secret negotiations, arm twisting, and the display of brute economic power by the US and Europe and by special interests in the advanced countries aimed at ensuring that the interests of the rich are protected.,,, [The realpolitik of economic power has ensured that the interests of the developed countries predominate.

http://allafrica.com/stories/200308130129.html

[AFRICAN] GROWTH DEPENDS ON ACCESS TO MARKETS, NOT AID

IPS, by Farah Khan, August 6, 2003

As the next round of trade talks gets underway in Cancun, Mexico next month, it has emerged that Africa would benefit far more from the better access to the European Union and the United States markets than it does from aid. The Economic Commission for Africa, a United Nations sub-agency, last week released its fourth Economic Report for Africa, dedicating it to plotting the path to ”accelerated development”.

http://www.oneworld.net/external/

IT’S THE WTO OR STARVATION - CITIZEN EDITORIAL

The Ottawa Citizen editorial, July 30, 2003

…Money cannot buy happiness, it is true. But malnutrition makes happiness hard to pursue, and starvation makes it impossible. The WTO is right to try to liberalize trade, and the protestors, even the peaceful ones, are wrong to object.

SOME COUNTRIES SCRAMBLING TO PREPARE FOR CANCUN

“Preparations for Fifth WTO Meeting Intensify”, The Herald (Harare), August 6, 2003

ZIMBABWE has intensified preparations for the fifth World Trade Organisation’s meeting to be held in Cancun, Mexico in September…The meeting comes at a time when preparations by most developing countries ahead of the Cancun meeting have been chaotic.

http://allafrica.com/stories/200308060206.html

UPDATE AND EXPLANATION: INVESTMENT AND THE WTO

“Examining The Political Case For An Investment Agreement At The WTO”, Financial Express, by Pradeep S Mehta, August 12, 2003

…The European Union (EU) is consistent in its demand, while India, in association with China, leads the like minded group (LMG) of vocal opponents of an investment agreement at the WTO. All the Singapore working groups, including the one on investment, have finished their pre-Cancun meetings and submitted their reports to the WTO’s General Council last month.

http://www.financialexpress.com/fe_full_story.php?content_id=39934

ACTIVISTS FEAR WTO INVESTMENT ACCORD

SwissInfo, August 13, 2003

Non-governmental organisations fear an accord on foreign investment, due to be discussed at world trade talks in Mexico next month, could undermine national laws on social policy and the environment.

http://www.swissinfo.org/sen/Swissinfo.html?siteSect=111&sid=4123553

100,000 GATHER AT ANTI-WTO PROTEST IN FRANCE

“French WT0 protest movement grows at the anti-WTO rally in Larzac, France”, BBC News, by Megan Rowling, August 11, 2003

More than 100,000 protesters rallied over the weekend in France against the World Trade Organisation and the French Government’s privatisation plans.

PETTIGREW STATEMENT POST-MONTREAL

“TRADE MINISTERS MAKE PROGRESS IN MONTREAL, BUT MUCH WORK REMAINS, SAYS PETTIGREW”, DFAIT Press Release, July 30, 2003

…”There is still much work to do and not much time to do it,” said Minister Pettigrew. “With only one month left before Cancun, we must now urgently focus our energies on resolving problems in key areas, if we are to hold true to the goals we set when we launched the Doha Development Agenda.”

http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/trade/mimm/menu-en.asp

340 ARRESTED IN MONTREAL

Post by Tony Tracy (tony@tao.ca) to E-LEFT, July, 31, 2003

…In total, some 340 activists were arrested by the Montreal police over the course of Monday July 28th. An additional four were arrested today. Most of the arrested on Monday morning were kept in buses, with no ventilation or washroom facilities, for as much as ten hours yesterday prior to being processed at three different jails and kept overnight.

LE MINI SOMMET DE L'OMC N'A PAS ÉTÉ UN ÉCHEC, MAIS...

Reported in Le Droit, July 31, 2003

Le mini sommet de l'Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC), qui a pris fin hier à Montréal, ne s'est peut-être pas terminé par un constat d'échec, mais il n'aura pas permis de rapprocher l'Union européenne (UE) et les États-Unis dans l'épineux dossier agricole.

GATT-ZILLA TURNS THE TRADE TABLES

“Turning The Trade Tables”, by Lori Wallach, Director of Public Citizen’s Global Trade Watch, August, 1 2203

…Six years later, GATTzilla took a bite out of one of corporate America’s favorite tax benefits, with the WTO ruling that the U.S. Foreign Sales Corporation (FSC) tax break is an illegal trade barrier. With $4 billion in trade sanctions threatened against the United States if it does not eliminate the policy, Congress is now scrambling to comply. From Wall Street, to K Street, to business-funded think tanks, an eerily familiar lament is sounding about the WTO’s attack on democracy as CEOs borrow lines from the past statements of Ralph Nader and the Sierra Club.

http://www.organicconsumers.org/corp/trade_tables.cfm

U.S. APPEALS WTO STEEL DUTIES

Reuters News Agency, by ROBERT EVANS, August 12, 2003

The United States yesterday appealed against a World Trade Organization (WTO) panel finding that hefty tariffs it imposed on steel imports in March, 2002, violate global trading rules. The long-awaited appeal means that the tariffs which initially added up to 30 per cent to the cost of foreign steel and steel products in the United States can stay in place for at least another nine months, and perhaps more.

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/ArticleNews/TPStory/LAC/20030812/IBWTO12//?query=trade



AGRICULTURE

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EU, U.S. REACH FARM COMPROMISE

AFP, August 13, 2003

The European Union and the U.S. have agreed `in principle’ on a joint position for World Trade Organisation talks on agricultural trade reform, a trade source said here today.

“There is a political agreement in principle, but, and this is a big but, this text still needs to be fine-tuned,’’ the trade source said.

http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/stories/2003081403641500.htm

EU/U.S. FARM DEAL GETS FLAK FROM POOR COUNTRIES

“EU, U.S. Put Up WTO Farm Trade Plan, Meet Flak”, Reuters, by Richard Waddington, August 13, 2003

The European Union and the United States Wednesday put up a plan for farm trade reform that could inject new life into stalled talks for a new global trade pact but poorer countries said “no go.” The scheme, presented to the World Trade Organization (WTO) just hours after it was drafted, came as the 146 members of the body battled to find something to agree on at a key ministerial meeting in Cancun, Mexico, next month.

http://boston.com/business/articles/2003/08/13/eu_us_put_up_wto_farm_trade_plan_meet_flak

NOT SO MUCH OF A DEAL AS A SIGNAL - THE ECONOMIST

“A small step on the road to Cancun”, The Economist, August 13, 2003

…The pact is not so much a trade deal as it is a signal that the EU and the United States are not yet willing to give up on the Doha round. After the American farm bill last year, and the EU’s anaemic efforts to reform its common agricultural policy, the Doha round had looked set to fail. Don’t cancel your tickets to Cancun just yet, is the unstated but substantive message of this pact.

http://www.economist.com/agenda/displayStory.cfm?story_id=1989017

AG SUBSIDIES ARE “MORALLY DEPRAVED”: NY TIMES

“Harvesting Poverty: The New York Times correctly concludes ag subsidies are “morally depraved”, Reason Online, by Ronald Bailey, August 11, 2003

…Such high subsidies mean that the average European cow earns its owner $2.50 per day. By contrast, some 2 billion people still live on less than $2 per day. In the run up to the Cancun Ministerial, The New York Times is publishing a superb and aptly named editorial series, “Harvesting Poverty,” about the enormous damage that the $320 billion spent annually by rich countries on agricultural subsidies is doing to the world’s poorest farmers.

http://www.reason.com/links/links081103.shtml

WEST MUST OPEN BARN DOOR, OR ELSE

The Globe and Mail, by MICHAEL DEN TANDT, August 9, 2003

…In a nutshell, it’s this: Either we begin to share at least some of the fruits of trade liberalization or watch it grind to a halt. The fulcrum is agriculture. The debate is about whether, or how much, rich countries will reduce barriers to relatively cheap agricultural imports from developing countries. The potential benefits for developing-world farmers, and Western consumers, are enormous. The political risks for Western governments, who must dare buck their domestic farm lobbies, are considerable. Excuses don’t cut it any more. It’s time for the West to open its doors to the developing world’s products, and farm produce in particular.

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/

THE TRIP WIRE WAITING FOR PETTIGREW

“Wheat Board math”, THE GLOBE AND MAIL EDITORIAL, August 5, 2003

A tripwire lurks in Canada’s wheat fields, waiting to snag Pierre Pettigrew as he makes strides toward farm subsidy reductions. The International Trade Minister continued his crusade this week at the World Trade Organization talks in Montreal, trying to stop rich countries from giving money to their farmers. But he should watch out for the Canadian Wheat Board. His government has long maintained that the federally mandated board as an independent marketing agency that doesn’t subsidize the prices at which it buys grain from farmers. Although that is usually correct, the strong possibility of a deficit at the Board this year would strengthen the case that the Board does occasionally transfer cash to farmers from Ottawa.

U.S. CUTS BEEF PRODUCTION ESTIMATES

“Washington may have to fully open border to Canadian cattle to meet strong demand for meat”, The Globe and Mail, by DAWN WALTON AND STEVEN CHASE, August 13, 2003

The ban on Canadian cattle and beef, which the United States partially lifted last week, forced Washington to cut yesterday its beef production estimates for this year and 2004, raising the prospect that it soon will have no choice but to fully open the border to meet its strong demand for meat.

MEMO TO TOKYO - OUR BEEF IS SAFE

National Post - Editorial, August 6, 2003

…Clearly it is time for the US to lift its import ban. The Japanese say that if Washington admits Canadian beef, Tokyo will also block imports of US beef products. It’s time to ask the Japanese Ambassador why his home government continues to block our beef, when, according to every statistical and scientific measure, it is safe to eat. His Excellency can be reached at 255 Sussex Dr., Ottawa, ON., K1N 9E6.



2. GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms)

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U.S. AND OTHERS REQUEST WTO PANEL IN CHALLENGE AGAINST EU GE BAN

“United States Requests Dispute Panel in WTO Challenge to EU Biotech Moratorium”, USTR Press Release, August 7, 2003

U.S. Trade Representative Robert B. Zoellick and Agriculture Secretary Ann M. Veneman announced today that the United States is taking the next step in its World Trade Organization challenge to the European Union’s (EU) illegal five-year moratorium on approving agricultural biotechnology products by asking the WTO for a dispute settlement panel. The United States, along with Canada and Argentina, initiated the case by requesting formal WTO consultations in May. Canada and Argentina are likewise requesting WTO panels to consider the EU moratorium.

http://www.ustr.gov/releases/2003/08/03-54.htm

PROVINCE SAYS NO TO GENETICALLY MODIFIED WHEAT

CBC Saskatchewan, August 8, 2003

REGINA - The Saskatchewan government says genetically modified wheat could devastate prairie markets. Now that Monsanto is pushing Ottawa to license it’s genetically-modified products, the province wants to make it’s opposition clear.

http://sask.cbc.ca/regional/servlet/View?filename=sk_gmwheat20030808

ACTIVISTS SUSPET MONSANTO IN GM SEED CONTROVERSY

IPS, by Ernesto Ferrini, August 4, 2003

The discovery of an undeclared plantation of genetically modified crops in Italy has given a new twist to the controversy over these crops.

A routine inspection in the Piedmont region last month revealed that 400 hectares of supposedly conventional maize crop were in fact genetically modified.

http://www.commondreams.org/headlines03/0804-08.htm



3. SOFTWOOD LUMBER

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NAFTA PANEL ORDERS U.S. TO REVIEW DUTIES ON CANADIAN SOFTWOOD LUMBER

CP, by DIRK MEISSNER, August 13, 2003

Canada claimed victory Wednesday after a NAFTA panel ordered the U.S. to review countervailing duties on Canadian softwood imports.

But the ruling doesn’t guarantee the 19 per cent duties will be lowered and it does little for beleaguered Canadian lumber companies and workers hard hit by the duties. International Trade Minister Pierre Pettigrew said he was open to resuming Canada-U.S. negotiations to end the trade dispute, but it now was up to the Americans to make the first move.

http://www.cbc.ca/cp/business/030813/b081369.html

TRADE PANEL SAUS U.S LUMBER TARIFFS OK

Associated Press, By MATTHEW DALY, August 13, 2003

An international trade panel ruled Wednesday that U.S. tariffs on Canadian softwood lumber may be too high, but it rejected Canada’s claim that there’s no basis for the duties.

The panel, set up under the North American Free Trade Agreement to deal with trade disputes, upheld U.S. claims that the Canadian government subsidizes its timber industry and therefore is subject to U.S. tariffs.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uslatest/story/0,1282,-3023421,00.html

LUMBER INDUSTRY IS SUBSIDIZED, PANEL FINDS

The Globe and Mail, August 13, 2003

A NAFTA trade dispute panel has ruled that Canada subsidizes its timber producers, but said that errors were made in calculating the rate of the levy on softwood. The mixed ruling could mean that the United States, which imposed countervailing duties averaging 18.79 per cent on imports of softwood lumber last year, will have to recalculate the levy.

“Although the Panel finds Commerce’s analysis to be minimal and its reliance in some instances on anecdotal evidence to be weak, the Panel is of the view that, even though it may not agree with the Department’s weighing of the evidence, it cannot say that substantial evidence in the record is lacking,” read the 92-page report released before noon Wednesday.

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/

LUMBER DEAL NAILED DOWN?

Reported in the Ottawa Sun, Ottawa Citizen, National Pose, Globe and Mail, others, July 30, 2003

Canada and the US have reached a draft agreement that could end a lengthy softwood lumber dispute, a Canadian official said Tuesday. Sebastien Theberge, a spokesman for International Trade Minister Pierre Pettigrew, said the breakthrough in the lumber talks came late last week in Washington DC. “We have found common ground on a possible agreement”, Theberge told reporters at the World Trade Organization meeting in Montreal.

FOREST GIANT FELLED BY US DUTIES

Reported in the National Post, August 6, 2003

Domtar Inc. said Tuesday the continuing 27.2% US duties on Canadian softwood lumber that have cost it $50 million in 15 months will hurt the third-quarter and there is little hope of relief before autumn. Domtar, which produces business and specialty fine papers besides lumber in Canada and the US, reported an 85% drop in second-quarter earnings mainly because of US duties and the Canadian dollar upsurge.



4. IMF (International Monetary Fund) & THE WORLD BANK

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URGENT NEED TO ADDRESS ENVIRONMENT AND POVERTY: WORLD BANK

A landmark report released jointly by the World Bank, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Environment Programme, and the World Resources Institute on 10 July, calls for fundamental changes in how decisions are made concerning the world’s natural resources. The report, World Resources 2002-2004: Decisions for the Earth Ð Balance, Voice, and Power, stresses the urgent need for such changes to arrest the accelerating deterioration of the world’s environment and to address the crisis of global poverty.

http://earthwatch.unep.net/news.php#wri

PROTEST DURING PAN-AM GAMES AIMED AT IMF

“Protests During Pan-Am Games”, Americas.org, Augusr 2, 2003

…Police attacked the march as it started, even though it was some four miles from the sports complex where the games are being held. At least three protesters were hit by birdshot, including a 10-year-old girl and a journalist who both were wounded in the face.,,,The march was called to protest new austerity measures, including import taxes and spending cuts imposed as part of an agreement being negotiated with the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

http://www.americas.org/

IMF IN IRAQ: DRAFTING BANKING LEGISLATION

Transcript of a Press Briefing by Thomas C. Dawson, Director, External Relations Department, International Monetary Fund, July 31, 2003

QUESTIONER: Just to move into another part of the world, what is going on with the IMF and Iraq? MR. DAWSON: … So there has been a lot going on. Middle East Department, soon to become the Middle East and Central Asia Department, is actively engaged in it. Just to give you an example of those two recent missions that I indicated, they have been working on draft legislation for a new central bank law, bank licensing and so on. The fiscal affairs group was in there looking at public expenditure management and development of a consolidated budget framework. So, the institution-building, regeneration work is underway.

http://www.imf.org/external/np/tr/2003/tr030731.htm



5. FTAA (Free Trade Area of the Americas) & NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)

BACK


FEDERAL TORIES STRIKE NAFTA COMMISSION

“Two-day Tory caucus under way”, Globe and Mail, by ALLISON LAWLOR

August 13, 2003

…Meanwhile on Tuesday, Mr. MacKay established a controversial committee to review free trade, the promise of which helped him seal his victory for the party’s top job…”The panel’s mandate will be to undertake a review of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (FTA) and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and to determine where further improvements can be made to increase the benefits of free trade to our economy,” the party said in a news release. The panel will present its findings to Mr. MacKay before the end of the year.

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20030813.wtory0813/BNStory/National/?query=trade

ANTI-FTAA ACTIVISTS THREATENED

Amnesty International Urgent Action - Guatemala, August 1, 2003

On the morning of July 24, three armed men forced their way into the Guatemala City home of Norma Maldonado, an environmental activist who works with groups concerned about the proposed Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and the Plan Puebla Panama (PPP), two U.S.-backed “free trade” projects. The intruders dragged several people to the building’s ground floor, including a member of the Board of Directors of Mama Maquân, a rural indigenous women’s rights group, and a student from the United States who had been working with them.

http://www.americas.org/

CONSULTATION: FTAA DEMOCRACY CLAUSE

DFAIT Consultation, August 6, 2003

The Relationship of the Inter-American Democratic Charter to the FTAA

On June 14, 2002, the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade (SCFAIT) tabled a report entitled “Strengthening Canada’s Economic Links with the Americas”. Recommendation 22 of the report stated “That Canada promote the injection of clauses within the FTAA Agreement that would tie countries’ access to the benefits from FTAA membership to proven respect for democratic rights.” In October 2002, the Government of Canada issued a response to this report in which it made its view clear that there is a relationship between the Inter-American Democratic Charter and the FTAA Agreement through the Quebec City Declaration and Article 19 of the Charter. In addition, it committed to “initiate domestic consultations in the coming year to seek views and options to operationalize the relationship between the FTAA and the Charter.” …Please send your contributions by August 29, 2003.

http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/tna-nac/consult1-en.asp#interamerican

FTAA: AMERICAS BUSINESS FORUM WEB SITE LAUNCHED

“FTAA and ABF meetings launch registration Web site”, Business Journal, August 12, 2003

Organizers of the Free Trade Area of the America’s (FTAA) Ministerial Meeting and the America’s Business Forum Nov. 17-21 have launched a Web site for delegates to register for the Miami-based activities. To receive proper credentials the organizers said country delegates should register at www.MiamiFTAA2003.com to confirm attendance, make housing and travel arrangements, submit papers for the ABF and complete other event specifics.

http://southflorida.bizjournals.com/southflorida/stories/2003/08/11/daily14.html

FROM ‘CARNAL’ TO COLD: LATIN AMERICA PLAYS COY WITH U.S.

Pacific News Service, by Marcelo Ballve, August 4, 2003

Bush badly wants more war on terrorism and free-trade allies in this hemisphere, but politicians are often taking their cues from the wave of anti-U.S. sentiment that welled up during the Iraq war. The resentment is also a hangover from the 1990s-era reforms, which have not delivered results. Instead, there have been recurrent economic crises, including Argentina’s 2001 meltdown.

http://www.americas.org/

REPORT ON NAFTA CHAPTER 11 MULTI-STAKEHOLDER

DFAIT Consultations

This consultation was held on behalf of the NAFTA (Chapter 11) Investment Experts Group, which is made up of officials of the Canadian, U.S., and Mexican governments, and is charged by the NAFTA Free Trade Commission, which is made up of the Trade Ministers of the NAFTA Parties, with reviewing and examining the operation and implementation of Chapter 11.

http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/tna-nac/consult4-en.asp

U.S. LAWMAKERS ENDORSE AGREEMENT LIMITING CANADIAN WASTE SHIPMENTS

Reported in the Ottawa Citizen, National Post, July 28, 2003

The United States’ environmental watchdog should soon have the authority to limit or to stop cold controversial shipments of Canadian garbage into the United States an environmentalist said yesterday after a surprise vote on the issue by U.S. lawmakers. The House of Representatives decided late Friday to require the Environmental Protection Agency to enforce a 1986 Treaty on waste shipment between Canada and the U.S.

U.S. SEEKS TO ADD DOMINICAN REPUBLIC TO CAFTA

“USTR Notifies Congress of Intent to Initiate Free Trade Talks with the Dominican Republic”, USTR Press Release, August 4 , 2003

United States Trade Representative Robert B. Zoellick today formally notified Congress of the Administration’s intent to initiate negotiations for a free trade agreement (FTA) with the largest economy in the Caribbean, the Dominican Republic. The Administration will seek to integrate the Dominican Republic into the FTA being negotiated between the United States and five nations in Central America. The Administration could then send Congress one agreement including the six countries.

http://www.ustr.gov/releases/2003/08/03-51.htm

FREE TRADE A DILEMMA FOR CHILE

THE WASHINGTON TIMES, By James Langman, July 30, 2003

The U.S.-Chilean free-trade agreement signed by officials this month will mean greater opportunity for some in this South American country. Successful export products such as wines and fresh fruit will consolidate their access to the lucrative U.S. market. But for the more than 200,000 farmers in southern Chile who specialize in wheat, dairy products, beef and beets produced mainly for the domestic market free trade with the United States spells economic disaster. These growers, who make up about 70 percent of Chile’s farm sector, have joined environmental groups, unions, small businesses and others in campaigning to defeat the accord when it comes to a ratification vote by the Chilean Congress in the fall.

http://www.washingtontimes.com



6.ENVIRONMENT

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AUGUST 10 - 16: WORLD WATER WEEK

2003 is also the United Nations International Year of Freshwater. With that in mind, water experts and stakeholders from more than 100 countries will assemble 10-16 August for the World Water Week in Stockholm to examine the causes and effects of the most pressing global water-related issues, as well as strategies for tackling them.

The conference will serve as the launch for the final report from the 3rd World Water Forum.

http://earthwatch.unep.net/news.php

$1 BILLION FOR KYOTO IMPLEMENTATION

“Government of Canada Announces $1 Billion Toward Implementation of the Climate Change Plan for Canada”, Government of Canada Press Release, August 12, 2003

This investment is part of the Budget 2003 allocation and builds on $1.7 billion the Government of Canada has invested in climate change over the past five years.

http://www.climatechange.gc.ca/english/publications/announcement/climatechange_investment.html

NUCLEAR REGULATIONS UNDER CONSULTATION

“Public Comment Invited on Changes to Align Canada’s Environmental Assessment Regulations with its Nuclear Legislation”, CEAA Press Release, July 31, 2003

The Honourable David Anderson, Minister of the Environment, invites the public to comment on proposed amendments to align key regulations under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act’s nuclear sector assessment process with the requirements set out in the Nuclear Safety and Control Act.

http://www.ceaa.gc.ca/0011/nr030731_e.htm

NRCAN CONSULTS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

“Moving Forward on Sustainable Development”, NRCan Press Release, August 1, 2003

Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) is currently preparing its third Sustainable Development Strategy for tabling in Parliament by December 2003. The department would like to work with all interested stakeholders to develop a meaningful strategy to help advance sustainable development in Canada.

http://www.nrcan.gc.ca/sd-dd/pubs/cons2003/index_e.htm

WESTERN FOREST FIRES LINKED TO CLIMATE CHANGE

Reported in Le Droit, August 6, 2003

Les feux de forêt qui ravagent actuellement l'ouest canadien ravivent les discussions au sujet de la vulnérabilité du Canada face au réchauffement de la planète. Bien que le nombre et l'étendue des incendies de cette année restent inférieurs à la moyenne constatée ces dix dernières années, les moyennes de ces deux dernières décennies présentent des hausses significatives, ont constaté des experts. L'année dernière, le record de la seconde année la plus chaude de l'histoire du pays a été établi pour le centre de la Colombie-Britannique, tandis qu'Environnement Canada qualifiait l'année 2000 de quatrième année la plus chaude jamais enregistrée. Pour Henry Hengelveld, conseiller à Environnement Canada, le vieillissement des arbres constitue la principale raison de l'augmentation du nombre d'incendies dans la région.

MERCURY RISING: STUDY SPARKS FEAR OF CONTAMINATION

Reported in the Ottawa Sun, July 28, 2003

Thirty years after a Japanese researcher identified Canada’s biggest case of mercury poisoning, he has returned to discover that the problem is far from resolved and may be getting worse. The study by Japanese researcher Masezumi Harada raises troubling new questions about the sources and effects of mercury contamination present in water and fish in many parts of the country. Harada’s new research is particularly sobering news for Aboriginal people who depend on a rich diet in fresh fish.



7. OTHER

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CHAMBER OF COMMERCE PICKS MARTIN ON FREE TRADE

“Business group backing Martin”, The Globe and Mail, byBRIAN LAGHI, August 12, 2003

The business organization representing more than 350 chambers of commerce across Canada will throw its political weight behind Paul Martin for Liberal leader. The Canadian Chamber of Commerce says it will support Mr. Martin because of his fiscal policies and his position on U.S.-Canada trade policies, among others.

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/ArticleNews/TPStory/LAC/20030812/UCOMMN//?query=trade

POLITICAL SATIRE AIMED AT PAUL MARTIN

“Awww, don’t mention it”, Rabble.ca, by Duncan Cameron, August 11, 2003

Any good entrepreneur knows that if you can replace home-grown labour with Third World workers you are well on the way to making serious money.

http://www.rabble.ca/news_full_story.shtml?x=24337

DAVID DODGE’S FREE TRADE VISION

Remarks by David Dodge, Governor of the Bank of Canada, to the Couchiching Institute on Public Affairs, August 7, 2003

Fundamentally, the decision to deepen economic integration in North America is a political one that Canadians and their governments will have to make. From a purely economic perspective, I have, as an economist, a strong predilection for continuing to tear down barriers to tradepreferably, multilaterally, but, realistically, first within Canada and North America….To be sure, certain costs are involved in all of this. Fuller integration with the United States could make us more vulnerable to fluctuations in economic activity in that country. And we may no longer be able to tailor policies to fully meet our own needs or to foster particular Canadian industries. These are issues that we ought to be aware of and analyze very carefully.

http://www.bankofcanada.ca/en/speeches/2003/sp03-11.htm

U.S. AND BAHRAIN ENTER INTO FREE TRADE TALKS

“USTR Notifies Congress of Intent to Initiate Free Trade Talks with Bahrain”, USTR Press Release, August 4 , 2003

United States Trade Representative Robert B. Zoellick today formally notified Congress of the Administration’s intent to initiate negotiations for a free trade agreement (FTA) with Bahrain in January 2004.

http://www.ustr.gov/releases/2003/08/03-50.htm



8. Glossary

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“Chapter 11” …of the NAFTA on Dispute Settlement

CAFTA United States-Central American Free Trade Agreement

DDA Doha Development Agenda

DFAIT Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade

EC European Community

ENGO Environmental non-governmental organization

EU European Union

FTA Free trade agreement

FTAA Free Trade Area of the Americas

GATS General Agreement on Trade in Services

GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GMOs Genetically Modified Organisms

HIPC Heavily Indebted Poor Country

IFI International financial institution

ILO International Labor Organization

IMF International Monetary Fund

LDCs Lesser Developed Countries

MEA Multilateral Environmental Agreement

NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement

NGO Non-governmental organization

OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

TRIPS Agreement Respecting Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

UNDP UN Development Programme

USTR US Trade Representative

WB World Bank

WEF World Economic Forum

WHO World Health Organization

WSF World Social Forum

WTO World Trade Organization




Sierra Club of Canada has an active programme on Trade and the Environment. SCC has challenged Chapter 11 through the courts on the S.D.Myers case, played an integral role in the fight against the MAI and works in coalition with the Common Front on the WTO, Common Frontiers and the Canadian Alliance on Trade and the Environment.



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