Under the federal Species at Risk Act (SARA), recovery strategies must be developed for endangered, threatened and extirpated species.
These strategies are mandated to identify the species' critical habitat (the habitat needed by a species to survive/recover) to the extent that it is possible to do so, as well as mitigative measures to address key threats to the species' recovery. The plans are not supposed to take socio-economic considerations into account-socio-economic considerations are required to be incorporated into the action planning stage.
The recovery strategies have timelines mandated by SARA, but the federal government is behind on completing them-the majority of them have been delayed, some indefinitely. Of greater concern, the majority of the ones that are being posted on the federal registry do not fully identify critical habitat, even where it is possible to do so. Habitat protection is crucial for species recovery: unless critical habitat is identified, it cannot be protected.
Sierra Club Canada has commissioned academic reviews of key draft recovery strategies released by provinces and the federal government. They are listed below.
SCC and IFAW - Recovery Strategy for the Grizzly Bear Prairie Population in Canada - September 2007(pdf, 253K)
SCC and CPAWS - Manitoba Review of Manitoba's Conservation and Recovery Strategy for Boreal Woodland Caribou - August 2007(pdf, 245K)
SCC and Nature Canada Review of the proposed SARA Recovery Strategy for the Piping Plover in Canada - September 2006(pdf, 235K)
ENGO Review of the proposed SARA Recovery Strategy for the Spotted Owl in Canada - September 2006(pdf, 157K)
SCC Review of Ontario's Draft Recovery Plan for Woodland Caribou - September 2006 (pdf, 150K)
SCC Review of Alberta's Draft Recovery Plan for Woodland Caribou - March 2005 (pdf, 220K)
SCC Review of Labradors Draft Recovery Plan for Woodland Caribou - April 2005 (pdf, 210K)
Labrador Woodland Caribou Recovery Team Response to Sierra Club of Canada Review - received December 2005 (pdf, 100K)
Review of the federal government's Jasper Park Action Plan
SCC Review of South Jasper National Park Caribou Action Plan for Caribou Recovery Phase 1 - September 2005 (pdf, 220K)
Full review of Draft Alberta Plan by Dr. James Schaefer
Full review of Draft Alberta Plan by Dr. Karen Beazley
Full review of Draft Labrador Plan by Dr. James Schaefer
Full review of Draft Labrador Plan by Dr. Karen Beazley